The winter in Canada is rigorous. It is therefore very important to cover oneself well when doing outdoor activities. The risk if you don’t is to develop frostbite. The most commonly affected members are toes, fingers, nose, cheeks, chin and ears.
One of the first signs of frostbite is loss of sensation of the affected member. The skin turns red and then whitens and the person who suffers may feel tingling or pain. If left unchecked, frostbite can cause oozing blisters and weaken the skin and make it susceptible to skin infections. The skin can also take on a gray or black colour.
To prevent frostbite, it is important to dress warmly but not with tight clothing as these cut off blood flow. During outdoor activities, you need to take frequent breaks to warm ourselves inside, have a snack, drink hot chocolate or have a nice hot meal.
Our first aid training in remote areas and our first aid training for day camps will allow you to master the techniques to treat frostbite, but especially to recognize the warning signs to better prevent them.
For example, you will learn that you should not rub the affected area, apply products, cover it with snow or cold water, or even hot water. And you should not try to warm up the frozen part by putting it near an intense heat source like a furnace or a fire. These actions can aggravate frostbite by damaging the skin or exploding blood vessels.
Instead, we recommend that you do emergency first aid if you need to work with a person with frostbite. First, it must be transported quickly indoors in a comfortable room temperature environment. Gently remove clothing that affects the frozen area as well as any wet or tight clothing. Try to gently remove the jewelry without pulling too much on the skin. To warm the affected area, simply put your hands or other body parts on it to warm with your body temperature, but without putting pressure on it. You can also immerse the frozen area in warm water only. If possible, make slight movement of the frozen limbs to enhance blood circulation. If the toes are affected, it is imperative that the person remains seated or bedridden, she should not walk.
After having warmed up the affected area, if it is numb, swollen or painful, you can give a pain reliever to provide a little more comfort to the person.
These techniques will be taught to you in our first aid training for day camps course and in our first aid training in remote areas. course which will allow you to give first aid and recognize if the situation is getting worse so that the patient is quickly taken care of by a doctor.